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The deepening problems of the 1970s prompted new lows in immigration, from 218,000 in 1974 to 115,000 in 1977, to 86,000 in 1978. After the mid-1980s, when the economy showed signs of improvement, immigration totals increased to 152,000 in 1987, 212,000 in 1990, and 250,000 in 1992. The government, beginning a long-range planning approach, then adopted five year immigration plans to raise annual totals from 200,000 in 1990 to 250,000 in 1992. The intent was to maintain that level until 1995, but public pressure forced the government to reduce the level to 200,000 in 1995.1

The economic downturn changed public opinion about immigration. The years after 1970 also brought immigrant societies, ethnic groups,

religious organizations, and refugee aid societies into prominence as lobbyists urging the government to adopt a more humane approach to immigration and to weigh economic considerations against Canada's obligation to reunify immigrant families and help refugees. Their role was especially critical following the release of a Green Paper, issued in 1974 by the Department of Manpower and Immigration, which began one of the more intensive immigration debates of the post-war period. The Green Paper claimed that urban immigrants were partly responsible for many of Canada's new economic and social problems. In spite of counter testimony by ethnic organizations and labour councils, public opinion had obviously hardened against immigrants.

1967 - Present: Overview Page Two

1967 - Present:
Overview Page Two

Immigration, 1970-1999.

Immigration, 1970-1999.